His bone-chilling account, The Jungle, detailed workers sacrificing their fingers and nails by working with acid, losing limbs, catching diseases, and toiling long hours in cold, cramped conditions.
GlavisWill IrwinJ. More and more articles followed, and soon Steffens published the collection as a book entitled The Shame of the Cities. If, in the process, a social wrong was exposed that the average man could get indignant about, that was fine, but it was not the intent to correct social wrongs as it was with true investigative journalists and muckrakers.
Even President Roosevelt, who coined the derisive term "muckraker," was propelled to act. Welliverand their names adorned the front covers. Writing to Congress in hopes of correcting abuses was slow and often produced zero results. While the muckrakers continued the investigative exposures and sensational traditions of yellow journalism, they wrote to change society.
The muckrakers appeared at a moment when journalism was undergoing changes in style and practice. Wells was forcibly removed in an incident that ignited her "passion for justice" and led to her career in journalism.
An avowed Socialist, Sinclair hoped to illustrate the horrible effects of capitalism on workers in the Chicago meatpacking industry. But it was food, not labor, that most concerned the public. To do so, he elevated his press secretary to cabinet status and initiated press conferences. The law reformed the meat packing industry, mandating that the U.
History[ edit ] While a literature of reform had already appeared by the midth century, the kind of reporting that would come to be called "muckraking" began to appear around When journalists went after different topics, he complained about their wallowing in the mud.
Spoiled meat was covered with chemicals to hide the smell. One of the biggest urban scandals of the post-Civil War era was the corruption and bribery case of Tammany boss William M.
Standard Oil Ida Tarbell struck next. Also contributing significantly to the broad public response was the larger movement made by muckraking journalists and Progressive activists who called for reform in government regulation of industry.
Read the overview and the text of "The Great American Fraud. Army in Cuba during the Spanish-American War. The print revolution enabled publications to increase their subscriptions dramatically.
The muckraking journalists who emerged aroundlike Lincoln Steffens, were not as easy for Roosevelt to manage as the objective journalists, and the President gave Steffens access to the White House and interviews to steer stories his way.
Their work reached a mass audience as circulation figures of the magazines rose on account of visibility and public interest. Department of Agriculture USDA inspect all cattleswinesheepgoatsand horses both before and after they were slaughtered and processed for human consumption. What appeared in print was now more powerful than ever.
Julius ChambersNew York Tribunecould be considered to be the original muckraker. Early 20th century muckraking[ edit ] Early Writers of the Muckraking Tradition.
Wiley, chief of the Bureau of Chemistry of the USDA, issued reports noting the health hazards posed by the adulteration of processed foods such as canned meat and by chemicals used as preservatives and colouring agents.
His intent was to obtain information about alleged abuse of inmates. McClurealso emphasized factual reporting,  but he also wanted what historian Michael Schudson had identified as one of the preferred qualities of journalism at the time, namely, the mixture of "reliability and sparkle" to interest a mass audience.
Collectively called muckrakers, a brave cadre of reporters exposed injustices so grave they made the blood of the average American run cold. There also was growing support within the industry for regulation in response to heightened public awareness.
The meat had been packed in tins along with a visible layer of boric acidwhich was thought to act as a preservative and was used to mask the stench of the rotten meat. I hail as a benefactor every writer or speaker, every man who, on the platform, or in book, magazine, or newspaper, with merciless severity makes such attack, provided always that he in his turn remembers that the attack is of use only if it is absolutely truthful.
InWilliam Hard went public with industrial accidents in the steel industry in the blistering Making Steel and Killing Men. The pen is sometimes mightier than the sword.
The legislation amended prior Meat Inspection Acts of and and other laws that had provided for USDA inspection of slaughtered animals and meat products but had proven ineffective in regulating many unsafe and unsanitary practices by the meatpacking industry. Publishing a series of articles had a much more immediate impact.
This biography from Duke University includes a picture of Wells and a link to her articles about lynchings in Georgia. From this time onward, Chambers was frequently invited to speak on the rights of the mentally ill and the need for proper facilities for their accommodation, care and treatment.
Theodore Roosevelt on June 30,that prohibited the sale of adulterated or misbranded livestock and derived products as food and ensured that livestock were slaughtered and processed under sanitary conditions.Investigative Journalism • Expose social ills and corporate and political corruption • Ignorance is NOT bliss • Turned newspapers into the “watch dog” for the people in the U.S.
meat packing industry • The Jungle • Caused a public uproar • Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act. • a muckraking exposé of. Yellow Press/Muckrakers. STUDY. PLAY. The Yellow Press. Investigative journalists who impact society and make a difference.
Cause change in legislation. meat inspection. Nelly Bly. Stunt journalism- faked insanity to get into an insane asylum, Pittsburg- powerhouse of women in factories, low wages and bad working. Investigative journalists view the muckrakers as early influences and a continuation of watchdog meat packing industry in the United States and was a major factor in the establishment of the Pure Food and Drug Act and Meat Inspection Act.
Sinclair wrote the book with the intent of addressing unsafe working conditions in. Muckrakers are investigative journalists who focus on exposing and bringing public attention to social problems and political or corporate corruption.
One often-cited example is Upton Sinclair, whose earlyth century book, "The Jungle," highlighted problems in the meat-packing industry.
Who led the movement for meat inspection and food and drug regulations? What events led to the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act of ? What role does investigative journalism play in the political process? Pure Food and Drug and Meat Inspection acts, which created agencies to assure protection to consumers.
The “muckrakers,” investigative journalists of the era, had exposed the squalid conditions of food-processing industries.Download