The role of reason in religious thinking—that people should be free to use their intellect to make up their own minds about what they believed—was reaffirmed. The second half of the twentieth century saw new currents of confluence, bringing together once again the divided streams that have characterized Christianity for nearly a thousand years.
The soaring growth of pentecostalism is a significant part of the new evangelical wave of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. In the modern era, Christian thinkers of each succeeding generation have had to claim and articulate their faith anew in the light of a wider worldview, informed by the expansion of science.
Is each word the revelation of God or is it a collection of inspired writings that may be studied and interpreted as products of particular historical contexts, with their own historical concerns?
Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson, so prominent in framing the American Constitution, were influenced by this movement. This movement is especially strong in the growing cities of Latin America, Africa, and the U. During the last two centuries, the role of reason in the realm of faith has continued to inspire Christian thinkers.
Photoset not found The modern period, heralded by what is known as the Enlightenment, began in the West in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries with the end of the religious wars that had torn Europe apart.
The Enlightenment was also influenced by the scientific revolution that began to transform assumptions about the natural world, beginning with Isaac Newton in the seventeenth century. Despite their differences, evangelicals today base their theology on a strong commitment to the Bible as the only infallible and authoritative word of God.
Fundamentalist Christians have been concerned with protecting the literal interpretation of the Bible from what they consider to be the undermining effects of Biblical scholarship. In the wake of years of bloodshed over religious doctrine, eighteenth-century Enlightenment thinkers emphasized religious toleration and the need to separate religious life from political power.
The interpretation of the Bible, the ordination of women, attitudes toward gays and lesbians, and the ethics of abortion and reproduction are all issues that have opened new fissures, not so much between but within denominations.
In the early twentieth century, a movement known as Fundamentalism arose in opposition to many trends in modern biblical scholarship.
In the nineteenth century, the work of Charles Darwin challenged the biblical story of creation with his theories about the development and evolution of species as published in The Origin of Species and The Descent of Man Graham was also the first to helped to steer a new evangelical movement away from the stricter dogmatic line of the early fundamentalists.
Biblical scholarship has also posed challenges to faith in the modern era. National, regional, and local councils of churches throughout the world are another expression of the ecumenical movement.
Or is faith an orientation to all of life that is not threatened by science but consonant with it? While old divisions are beginning to heal, new areas of tension and fission are opening in the Christian churches of the early twenty-first century.
Today it is a fellowship of over three hundred Protestant and Orthodox churches committed to growing together in faith and working together on shared issues of justice, peace, education, and emergency relief. More liberal Christians, on the other hand, do not find the intensive scholarly study of the Bible a threat to their faith, but rather an enhancement of their understanding of it.
Toward the end of the Second Vatican Council, the Pope and the Patriarch of Constantinople removed their one-thousand year old mutual excommunication and embraced. Does faith today occupy the shrinking area of mystery left over by the growing body of scientific knowledge?
In the s, the Second Vatican Council also made far reaching contributions to Christian ecumenism, opening the door to closer cooperation between the Roman Catholic and other Christian churches. The worldwide ministry of Billy Graham, with his huge rallies and revivals, is an example of how mid-twentieth century evangelists made effective use of the television communications revolution.
How did this particular collection of writings come into being? What is the Bible? The text of the Bible has been laid open to study by methods of critical and historical analysis. The convergence of churches today is visible in many ways.In his study, Ryan Teten concluded that there were three distinct periods in the evolution of presidential rhetoric: a founding period, a traditional period, and a /5(7).
The modern period, heralded by what is known as the Enlightenment, began in the West in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries with the end of the religious wars that had torn Europe apart. In the wake of years of bloodshed over religious doctrine, eighteenth-century Enlightenment thinkers emphasized religious toleration and the need to.
Post Modern and Contemporary Period in the United States Essay the Hippie Movement, the Antiwar Movement, the Protest Movement, the Civil Rights Movement, the Postmodern and Contemporary period; These names, periods, epochs, eras, and movements all have different meanings, however they refer to the same time in history.
- The Modern Family In SeptemberAmerica was introduced to Modern Family, a mockumentary that centers around three families (“Modern Family”). Like most sitcoms, Modern Family is a show that defines our current era, in particular, the families of our era. Modern era is a timeline that is characterized by higher economical, political and social expectations from various sectors based on limited time framework as demand for services and products continues to grow.
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