Various steps are also being taken at different quarters to prevent the rise of delinquents. But in it was noticed that 40, children of all the states of India except U. Why the two gangs fought?
Shaw and McKay interpreted the findings in cultural and environmental terms. They generally state that juveniles are rational, intelligent people who have free will, which is the ability to make choices.
Odell has developed a programme that combined educational development and job placement facilitating entry in to the opportunity structure more effective than traditional case work methods in preventing Juvenile recidivision. Delinquency rates were highest in the first two zones and declined steadily as one moved farther away from the city center.
They should not hate them. However, delinquency and crime can be reduced social scientists and psychologists can plan to reduce delinquency and crime. Delinquency became a tradition in certain neighborhoods through the process of cultural transmission, where criminal values are passed from one generation to the next.
Imprisonment should be widely used, but prison conditions should be improved through better physical quarters and by separating and classifying inmates as to age, sex, and criminal histories. Actually, the delinquents do not involve themselves in such nuisance for personal gain, but it really reflects their underlying resentment and hostility towards the outer world, the world for which they have no feeling of involvement or belongingness.
Hence to avoid this social evil one has to tackle the complex problem of delinquency from the social psychological and to familial angles. This lack of hope, feeling of uselessness and that they are rejected by the society, lead them to show undesirable anti-social behaviour.
Shaw analysed 6, cases of crime and observed that in 72 per cent of the cases two or more companions were involved. The Id is the drive for immediate gratification and can explain delinquency acts such as shoplifting or burglary.
Various studies indicate that secondary groups, like neighbourhood, playmates, peers and school, and others in the society which the child comes in contact more often than not all have tremendous effects on the personality of the child.
The basic capacities for social relationship has been achieved. This theory uses genetics and social environment to determine whether or not a child will become delinquent.
Therefore, vast programmes are now being undertaken to clear the slum areas and for providing educational and recreational facilities for the slum children like parks, gardens, play grounds, doll house.
The ego grows from the id and represents the problem-solving dimension of the personality. But poverty cannot be the role cause of delinquency.
With the formation of mass society, influence of technology on society and erosion of values, social disintegration is increasing day by day. Particularly, now a days, the incidence of delinquency is increasing alarmingly in large metropolitan cities and this has become a matter of great concern for the public and country.
Though the gang has all the qualities of an in group like cooperation, unity, fellow feeling and belongingness, it is also associated with crimes, like stealing, eveteasing, rioting, homicide, rape, murder, boozing, taking various drugs and abusing them, dacoity, assault and murders etc.
Delinquency undoubtedly is a social evil. There are numerous amounts of sociological theories that can describe different ways a child can become delinquent.
The teachers of such schools gradually try to become substituted parents and help the children in generating a sense of security, self confidence, right attitude towards society.
People prefer to have their own family of husband and wife and children. A leading behaviorist was the psychologist B.Juvenile Delinquency Theories “Once a criminal, always a criminal”, this is a famous saying that is common to the American household and which most finds to be true.
Once an individual associates him or herself with criminal behavior they are labeled by their community and expected to reoffend. This sample Juvenile Delinquency Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. Major Theories of Juvenile Delinquency.
IV. Types of Juvenile Delinquents These conditions inspired Beccaria to write an essay titled “On Crimes and Punishments,” where he laid the framework for a new system of justice. Theories of Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile delinquency is a threat to society and accordingly, the need to develop an understanding of the deviant behavior is of an utmost importance.
There are several theories that explain delinquency and collectively, they provide a greater understanding for. These conditions inspired Beccaria to write an essay titled “On Crimes and Punishments,” where he laid the framework for a new system of justice that emphasized humanity, consistency, and rationality.
Sociological theories of juvenile delinquency point to societal factors and social processes that in turn affect human behavior.
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