Using refutation in an essay

Refutation through Evidence For an argument to be Using refutation in an essay as one of the valid examples of refutation through evidence, it needs to be an argument backed up by some form of evidence. Finally, at the end of the refutation, there is a clear conclusion.

Refutation through Logic Refutation examples through logic are quite tricky to construct. It allows the reader to prefer one argument over another.

However, the nearer it is to the beginning the more effective it is likely to be. We have seen what high capacity broadband can do for education and for our economy. Types of Refutation There are various ways through which the tool of refutation can be employed.

Not when we have seen the future. We must act today to create an environment where all competitors have a fair shot at bringing high capacity bandwidth to consumers—especially residential consumers. Alternatively, refutation can be described as the negation of an argument, opinion, testimony, doctrine, or theory, through contradicting evidence.

These companies represent a growing trend of privatization of public schools by large corporations. Education policy would be left in the hands of entrepreneurial think tanks, corporate boards of directors, and lobbyists who are more interested in profit than educating students [Miller and Gerson].

The early placement of refutation within the extract has had an enhanced persuasive impact on the audience. The three most common modes used for the purpose of incorporating the device of refutation in an argument are: Mostly, the device of refutation is employed when one is dealing with a controversial topic.

Examples of Refutation in Literature Example 1: This is a nice way for readers to be aware of what others think. Such cards would enable airport security officials to do instant background checks on everyone. In the absence of clear bases or justifications it cannot be declared valid.

Schools would then have to compete for students by offering higher academic results and greater safety. It normally constitutes a part of an essay that disproves the opposing arguments. It is important in determining whether the speaker or writer has successfully persuaded his readers or not.

Schools unable to measure up to the standards of successful schools would fail and possibly close. And especially residential consumers in rural and underserved areas.

It is feared that these corporations could grow to a point that public control of education would be lost.


Moreover they would not prevent passengers with "clean" backgrounds from bringing weapons or explosives on board, as was the case in the September 11 attacks.

Perhaps the biggest drawback is that some people believe that these cards would deprive people of their privacy and that for this reason, their disadvantages outweigh their advantages According to Dershowitz, the national ID card would be only a little more intrusive than a photo ID card or social security card.

On the other hand, refutation goes a bit further by presenting evidence that in turn negates the opposing arguments.A refutation paragraph, found in argument essays, should start by introducing an opposing argument and acknowledging important points of the opposition.

A writer's refutation paragraph should accept that certain parts of the opposition are valid, but show that the writer's claims are stronger. Video: Refutation of an Argument: Definition & Examples In academic writing, the ability to refute an argument is a cornerstone of logical and critical thought, as well as an essential persuasive tool.

"Refutation is the part of an essay that disproves the opposing arguments. It is always necessary in a persuasive paper to refute or answer those arguments. A good method for formulating your refutation is to put yourself in the place of your readers, imagining what their objections might be.

Refutation Paragraphs The refutation paragraph is normally found ONLY in argument essays and argument research papers ; it is also known as the concession paragraph. When students are writing an argumentative essay, they need to acknowledge t he valid points of the opposing argument, otherwise writers sound narrow-minded and thereby less effective.

How Do You Start a Refutation Paragraph?

Definition of Refutation. The literary term refutation refers to that part of an argument where a speaker or a writer encounters contradicting points of view. Alternatively, refutation can be described as the negation of an argument, opinion, testimony, doctrine, or theory, through contradicting evidence.

While every essay needs to make an argument, at some point you need to acknowledge the other side. Acknowledging differing points of view on your topic is called concession.

Making concessions is important because they show that you understand both sides of the issue. But you should never make a concession without following it with a refutation.

Using refutation in an essay
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